n 1857, Saigon opened up for trade. Etienne Denis sent his sons on field trips to obtain information, Emile to Bangkok and Alfred to Hong Kong, the latter very young deep-sea captain suggested that he look into coastal shipping between Singapore and Hong Kong as well as the trading of rice of which there was an abundance in Cochinchina. Beginning 1861, Etienne Denis, together with his 4 sons, took the difficult decision to commit all his wealth to build at Bordeaux, the Clipper